16 Feb About Nosara
The entire Nosara area has been inhabited by various native peoples, including the Chorotegas, as evidenced by the large number of objects made of clay, stone, glass, jade and gold found, especially in the highest hills, where they were buried. the highest ranking people in that society. All those tombs with these objects were looted and most of those treasures today are in the hands of private collectors.
Nosara has an area of 134.57 km²3 and an average altitude of 6 m above sea level. n. m.4
It is a valley irrigated by the Nosara River and surrounded by hills that offer views of the valley and the Pacific Ocean.
The beaches are the great attraction of Nosara, especially for those who seek to be in contact with nature in a serene environment and surrounded by abundant wildlife.
Nosara has three beaches of great beauty: Nosara, Guiones and Pelada, seven kilometers from Ostional beach, which belongs to the canton of Santa Cruz, where almost every month thousands of turtles come to lay their eggs, especially the Kemp’s ridley turtle, Lepidochelys olivacea. , with well-known nesting habits, and the hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata.
Playa Guiones stands out as an ideal spot for surfing and Playa Pelada for its rock formations that, when exposed at low tide, allow you to observe a wide variety of species: snails, starfish, octopuses, multicolored fish, corals, sea urchins and crabs. , among other.
For the year 2022, Nosara has an estimated population of 7,213 inhabitants,5 and for the last census carried out, in 2011, Nosara had a population of 4,912 inhabitants.6
Especially from the year 2005, the population multiplied due especially to the great construction boom, the great increase in the value of the land and the increase in the number of available services.
They clearly distinguish between two very different areas: Bocas de Nosara, the area known as the town itself, where most of the inhabitants live and has part of the services that the place has, such as buses, airport (coordinates 9º 58 ‘ 48.34″ N – 85º 39’ 02.03″ W), post office, supermarkets, shops, police station, Red Cross post, Ebais (Health Post), public library, schools and college, and the American zone or “El American Project”, as the area where most foreigners live is known, who are closer to the beaches, where the hotels and several restaurants are, in addition to the only two bank offices in the area, the Banco de Costa Rica and Banco Popular, as well as the tourist police station, a private clinic, law offices, architects and engineers, as well as clothing and grocery stores, several surf academies, a Spanish school and yoga practice centers.
A large part of the population of Nosara is dedicated to tourist services, carrying out different activities in hotels, restaurants, surf academies, tourist offices, among others. Construction activity was affected by the US economic crisis in the late 2000s; Previously, the arrival of a large number of foreigners, who bought land and built their homes in the area, had completely changed the pace of work of the population, which massively abandoned agricultural work to dedicate itself almost entirely to tourism and construction. of private residential projects.
Other activities still practiced but of less relevance are artisanal fishing, mechanized rice farming and livestock.
Nosara’s fauna is very varied. As representatives of this diversity we can mention birds, mammals, reptiles, fish, insects and amphibians.
Both locals and visitors quickly become familiar with the howler monkeys, known as howler monkeys, the iguana, the armadillo, the raccoon, the pizote and the squirrel, due to the large numbers that can be observed, and also still with the tepezcuintle, the ocelot and the Panther. The heron, the pelican and the lizards are the best representatives of the aquatic environment of the river and the coast of Nosara.